Grace's Mosaic Moments

Friday, March 18, 2011


Welcome to Grace's Mosaic Moments!

I’ve been busy transplanting roses this week—and, believe me, if you’ve never done it, that’s a LOT of work. I also had to learn a new skill, the cordless electric power drill, in order to deal with the huge new plastic planters that come with molded words on the bottom: “Drill holes for drainage”! Which is why I’m posting a code list, long on my web site, instead of coming up with something new today. Hopefully, there are a few of you out there who haven’t seen this list before.

The original is 2 columns at 1.5 spacing. If you would like a compact, printable copy, please e-mail me at

“Way, way back in ages dark”—I believe that’s how the old song goes—in this case back in early computer days, when IBM’s dedicated word processing machine cost $10,000 and boasted 256K of memory (when my son’s first PC had 16K), programmers built in certain codes to help users around the world type characters that weren’t on the QWERTY keyboard. My IBM word processor, I must add, could actually change keyboards, typing in a multitude of languages from around the world. But poor little PCs couldn’t.

And as PCs grew and grew and grew, those codes stayed in place in the programming. You could say they were “grandfathered in.” Some are obsolete, like lines for painstakingly building a “box.” Some are still obviously with us—you see them on the right-hand side of every Windows menu. Others, very useful, are more elusive. For example:

PAGE END. I only recently discovered that many people don’t know how to make a quick Page End that will stay through every format. Perhaps that’s the reason some people are still making a separate document for each chapter, a major time-waster when you try to put it all together. Plus the difficulty of searching for something in the manuscript you need to know, such as, “What color did I say his eyes were?”

Ctrl + Enter. That’s all your need. You can take a manuscript from Word Perfect to RTF to MS Word (or the reverse), and that Page End will still be right where you put it. And you don’t have to go into a Windows Menu to do it.

Below is a list of some of the old codes I’ve found particularly handy. Yes, you can get most of these through a Windows Menu, but the codes are faster, and there are a few below you won’t find anywhere else. Hopefully, you’ll discover something in there that’s helpful.

Thanks for stopping by. See you next week.



Note: To make these codes work, use your Keypad with “Num Lock” ON.
Press Alt + the number.

20 ¶

21 §

37 %

60 <>

128 Ç

129 ü

130 é

131 â

132 ä

133 à

134 å

0227 ã

135 ç

136 ê

137 ë

138 è

139 ï

140 î

141 ì

142 Ä

143 Å

144 É

145 æ

146 Æ

147 ô

148 ö

149 ò

150 û

151 ù

152 ÿ

153 Ö

154 Ü

155 ¢

156 £

160 á

161 í

162 ó

163 ú

164 ñ

165 Ñ

168 ¿

171 ½

172 ¼

0190 ¾

173 ¡

174 «

175 »

241 ±

246 ÷

0215 ×

248 °

0150 –

0151 —

0153 ™

0169 ©

0174 ®

0178 ²

0179 ³

0192 À

0193 Á

0194 Â

0195 Ã

0196 Ä

0197 Å

0200 È

0201 É

0202 Ê

0203 Ë

0204 Ì

0205 Í

0206 Î

0207 Ï

0210 Ò

0211 Ó

0212 Ô

0213 Õ

0214 Ö

0217 Ù

0218 Ú

0219 Û

0220 Ü

There are many more 2-4 digit codes, but most are alphabet, borders, math, Greek, etc. Undoubtedly, anyone taking the time to experiment can find a whole slew more.

Grace, who writes as Blair Bancroft and Daryn Parke &


  1. Thanks for posting - these are so helpful.

  2. This is wonderful info . . . thanks so much for sharing this.I'm printing this out!

    Suzanne Barr

  3. Great list! I've been struggling with some of these for a long time, often copying these symbols from one document so I could insert them in others; a pain in the neck. Thanks for posting this list, and good luck with the roses.

  4. I remember discovering these kinds of codes when I had to include foreign symbols in my work for an international organization. Thanks for the reminder.
    Terry's Place
    Romance with a Twist--of Mystery

  5. Seems to me it's just as easy to hit Insert then Symbol than to remember those codes, but thanks for sharing.

  6. Page End is a new one on me. Thanks! I'll play with that one immediately!

  7. I've had many of these next to my laptop since I subbed in a Spanish class and the students needed them for their papers. My Reyes Family Romances have phrases in español, so I've been using them. Thanks for sharing, since you had some I didn't know, like ¾. You never know, might be useful someday, like when I'm sharing recipes with friends!